A Little Background

Ruskington Beck

Ruskington Beck

According to the Office of National Statistics at the last [2011] Census the village of Ruskington, near Sleaford, Lincolnshire, had a total population of 5,637, living in 2,479 households – an average of just 2.3 persons per household.

Ruskington is the largest village in Lincolnshire, by population, with much of its latter day growth due to attracting incomers, including people who have chosen to retire here.

The population particularly grew in the 1980s as planning approval was given for the addition of several hundred houses.

Ruskington's Domesday Book Reference

The village dates back to pre-Domesday times and Ruskington All Saints is a Norman church, built in 1086 to replace the earlier wooden Anglo-Saxon church on the site.

Although part of the tower masonry survives it was rebuilt in 1620 after damage in 1618.

At the time of the Domesday Survey [reference above left] the village was recorded as “Rischintone” (“farmstead where rushes grow“) and had a population of 39 households (very large for its time), made up of 8 villagers, 8 smallholders, 22 freemen and 1 priest.

At the Start of The Great War

High Street, Ruskington c. 1910

High Street, Ruskington c. 1910

A hundred years ago, however, the village was a very different place.

The 1911 Census recorded a population of 1,214 (563 males and 651 females), living in 301 households, and had grown by just 18 persons in the previous ten years.

Not surprisingly the vast majority of the men were employed in agriculture in some form or other. Even so, it is evident from the Service Papers, many families sent more than one son tp the battlefields.

Map of Ruskington c. 1910

Map of Ruskington c. 1910

A map of the village, taken from the Ordnance Survey series “Partially revised 1912/13“, shows a linear village form, either side of the Beck, splitting the High Street in its ‘North‘ and ‘South‘ Sides, and with the Parish Church at one end.

Various streets led off from this main road, but certainly not to the extent found today. [See: “Ruskington Parish Council Map“]

[CLICK on the image on left to enlarge.]

The two graphs below show how the village had grown of the previous century, from just 483 persons in 1801 to nearly three times that in 1911 – though the population had ‘levelled off’ over the previous 30 years.

The second graph shows the Population Structure in 1911, i.e. the proportion of males to females in each age group. [Demographers would call this a typical ‘Expanding Pyramid’, with a larger proportion of the people in the younger age groups.]

Population Graphs

When War was declared on 4 August 1914 we shall see that the men of Ruskington were not slow to answer the Country’s call. The ‘blue‘ side of the graph on the right above, however, shows only 137 men of an age where they might be expected to volunteer (i.e. 20 – 35 years).

Despite this small base of possible recruits, during the War ‘The Lincolnshire Chronicle’ published the names and photographs of at least 64 local men who had joined up, up to 1915. At least 20 others, not among those who details were published, are known to have made the Supreme Sacrifice. There are undoubtedly many more, yet to be identified, who also enlisted in the service of King and Country.

poppy2This site commemorates the sacrifice of 30 local men who made this Supreme Sacrifice, and acknowledges the part played by the many others who “did their bit“. Details of the service of these men can be found under: “They also Served” on the Menu Bar above.

[Research is continuing and the site will be revised as more information comes to hand. Already, however, a number of men with associations with the village, who made the Supreme Sacrifice, but who are not on the Village Memorials, have been found and their details added to the site. ]

Personal and Service details of those men who gave their lives can be accessed via the “World War 1 Casualties” link (under ‘World War 1’ in the above menu). Similarly, under the same heading is a link to “They Also Served“.

By the 1921 Census the village population had dropped dramatically to just 1,101, but recovered over the next 10 years to reach 1,246 by 1931. With no Census in 1941 it is hard to say what the population was at the start of the Second World War. By the time of the next Census in 1951, however, the size of the village was 518 persons more than 1931, standing at 1,764.

Eleven local men gave their lives in World War 2. Less information is available for these men, as Service Records are accessible only to surviving family members. No Census details have been made available after 1911. However, some details of their service can be accessed via the World War 2  link on the Menu above.

Sources:

  • GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Ruskington UD through time. Population Statistics : Males & Females, A Vision of Britain through Time.
  • Lincolnshire Chronicle, 27th March 1920.