Unit: 1/4th Battalion
Service Number: 2163
Date of Death: 14 December 1916 – Died of wounds (In the Field)
Age: 25 years
Cemetery / Memorial: Warlincourt Halte British Cemetery, Saulty
Grave / Panel Ref.: Grave: III. H. 5.
John was born at South Rauceby in the December quarter 1889. He was the son of Thomas (General Labourer) and Fanny (née Pattinson) Simpson and had an older sister, Sarah, an older brother, William, four younger brothers, Henry, Arthur, Thomas and Joseph (1901 Census RG 13/3049), and two younger sisters, Hilda and Ada (1911 Census RG 14/19628). (Two other children of the family died in infancy.)
The 1911 Census shows that the family had moved to 8 Springfield Cottages, Sleaford, but John (listed as Robert) was boarding in the home of Elizabeth Myland (Widow) at 13 Clarina Street, Lincoln, working as a “Carter” (Census RG 14/19761).
In the September quarter 1911 John married the eldest daughter of the family, Patience Maud Myland, in Lincoln. They had two daughters, Hilda Catherine, born 19 April 1913, and Laura Eveline, born 18 December 1914. [As John was posted to France on 1 March 1915, he would have had very little time with his youngest child.]
‘The Register of Soldier’s Effects’ shows that John left £1 15s 4d (£1.77 – a relative value of about £200 today – 2023) to his Widow. This was later followed by a War Gratuity of £10 10s (£10.50 – about £695 today).
Patience also applied for a Pension on behalf of herself and their two children, but on 8 January 1921 her application was deemed ineligible with the notation: “P.W.E. are unsubstantiated” (i.e. John’s “Pre-War Earnings” had not been substantiated, so on that date the Pension stopped).
Patience never re-married and died, aged 90, at 41 Sleaford Road, Bracebridge Heath, Lincolnshire, on 16 August 1980.
John’s Service Number suggests he enlisted at Lincoln on 4 August 1914 (the day Britain went to war with Germany). His Service Papers have not survived, however, his Medal Index Card indicates that he was posted to join the B.E.F in France on 1 March 1915, along with the rest of his Battalion, landing at Le Havre.
The 1/4th Battalion was formed as soon as War was declared, in Lincoln, as part of Lincoln & Leicester Brigade, North Midland Division. In May 1915 the formation was retitled as 138th Brigade, 46th (North Midland) Division.
On 7 January 1916 the Battalion moved with Division from Marseilles to Egypt, but almost as soon as they arrived – on 4 February 1916 it embarked at Alexandria and returned to France.
On the First Day of the Battle of the Somme the Division was engaged in a diversionary attack at Gommecourt (1 July 1916). However, the 1/4th does not appear to have been heavily involved, losing only 2 men on that eventful day.
Similarly, on the days prior to John dying from his wounds, three other men of his Battalion were killed in action. He is buried on Warlincourt Halte British Cemetery. It was used from June 1916 to May 1917 by the 20th and 43rd Casualty Clearing Stations, and it could have been in one of these where John died from his wounds.
Although born near Ruskington in 1889, John’s family had clearly never lived in the village for any length of time. It is not surprising, therefore, that his name does not appear on any of the village’s ‘official’ Memorials.
- I am grateful to ‘British War Graves’ for the photos of John’s Grave
- I am also grateful to Charles Anderson for pointing out to me where John is commemorated in Lincoln and supplying photos.